What is the difference between java and javascript?

What is the difference between java and javascript?

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Java and JavaScript are two popular programming languages used for different purposes. Despite their similar names, they have distinct characteristics and serve different roles in the world of software development. This article aims to explore the key differences between Java and JavaScript, shedding light on their unique features and use cases.

Java: A Powerful Object-Oriented Language

Java is a general-purpose, high-level programming language that was developed by Sun Microsystems (now owned by Oracle) in the mid-1990s. It is known for its robustness, portability, and security features. Java follows the principle of “write once, run anywhere,” which means that Java programs can run on any platform with a Java Virtual Machine (JVM).

One of the key features of Java is its object-oriented nature. It allows developers to create modular and reusable code by encapsulating data and behavior within objects. Java supports inheritance, polymorphism, and abstraction, making it suitable for building complex applications.

Java is commonly used for developing enterprise-level applications, such as server-side applications, web services, and Android apps. It provides a rich set of libraries and frameworks that simplify the development process and enhance productivity.

JavaScript: The Language of the Web

JavaScript, on the other hand, is a scripting language that was initially developed by Brendan Eich at Netscape Communications in the mid-1990s. It is primarily used for adding interactivity and dynamic behavior to web pages. Unlike Java, JavaScript is primarily executed on the client-side, within the user’s web browser.

JavaScript is a lightweight language that is easy to learn and implement. It is interpreted rather than compiled, meaning that it is executed line by line as it is encountered. JavaScript is often embedded directly into HTML code using the <script> tag.

With the rise of modern web development, JavaScript has evolved into a versatile language that can be used for both front-end and back-end development. On the front-end, JavaScript frameworks like React and Angular enable developers to build interactive user interfaces. On the back-end, frameworks like Node.js allow JavaScript to be used for server-side development.

Differences in Syntax and Usage

While both Java and JavaScript share some similarities in syntax, they also have significant differences. Java uses a statically-typed approach, where variables must be declared with their specific data types. JavaScript, on the other hand, is dynamically-typed, allowing variables to hold values of any type.

Java is compiled into bytecode, which is then executed by the JVM. JavaScript, on the other hand, is interpreted and executed directly by the web browser. This fundamental difference in execution models contributes to the contrasting use cases of the two languages.


In summary, Java and JavaScript are distinct programming languages with different purposes and use cases. Java is a powerful, object-oriented language primarily used for building enterprise-level applications, while JavaScript is a lightweight scripting language primarily used for web development. Understanding the differences between these two languages is essential for developers to choose the appropriate tool for their specific needs.


– oracle.com
– developer.mozilla.org
– w3schools.com

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