Universal healthcare, also known as universal health coverage or universal coverage, is a healthcare system in which all citizens have access to a basic level of healthcare services, regardless of their ability to pay. Universal healthcare systems may be funded in a variety of ways, including through taxes, insurance premiums, or a combination of both.
In a universal healthcare system, healthcare services are typically provided and financed by the government, rather than by private insurance companies. This can help to ensure that all citizens have access to healthcare, regardless of their income or employment status.
Universal healthcare systems can take a number of different forms. Some countries have a single-payer system, in which the government is the sole provider and financer of healthcare services. Other countries have a multi-payer system, in which the government and private insurance companies both play a role in financing healthcare.
Universal healthcare systems are designed to provide comprehensive healthcare coverage to all citizens, including preventative care, diagnostic services, treatment, and rehabilitation. Some universal healthcare systems may also provide coverage for dental and vision care.
While universal healthcare systems can help to ensure that all citizens have access to healthcare, they can also be expensive to operate and may be subject to long wait times for certain services.